3D Interactive Teams or 3DiTeams is a first-person, multiplayer training application developed with Duke University Medical Center and used for medical education and team training. The project was conceived by Dr. Jeffrey M. Taekman (Duke) and Jerry Heneghan (ARA) and is managed by the Human Simulation and Patient Safety Center (HSPSC) at Duke University Medical Center.
The training is based on the DoD Patient Safety Program and Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s (AHRQ) TeamSTEPPS curriculum. The player starts the training in an “independent learning phase” where they are introduced to teamwork and communication skills.
The second phase of learning is “collaboration & team coordination” where up to 32 players enter the virtual training environment. Taking place in a high-fidelity, virtual field hospital, the player begins each scenario awaiting the patient’s arrival. The players act in their predetermined role as a doctor, nurse, technician, or observer as the instructor begins a briefing for the upcoming patient interaction. Once the patient arrives, the team enters and begins to assess and treat the patient. The instructor’s user interface allows manual control over the patient’s vital signs in response to the player actions or allows the embedded physiology engine to control patient’s response. Once the patient is stabilized, a telephone handoff takes place between the care team and the receiving care team. The team then reassembles outside the patient care area to perform a debriefing or After Action Review (AAR) of their care. Gameplay ends when team leader dismisses the team.
The final phase of learning is accomplished by an instructor lead AAR of the teams communication skills during their interaction. Video playback of the scenario is used to allow the players to observe and reflect on their own behaviors as well as those of the team.
Taekman Jeffrey M, Segall Noa, Hobbs Gene W, and Wright Melanie C. (2007). “3DiTeams – Healthcare team training in a virtual environment”. Anesthesiology 107 :A2145.
Taekman Jeffrey M, Segall Noa, Hobbs Gene W, and Wright Melanie C. (2008). “3DiTeams – Healthcare team training in a virtual environment.”. The Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare. 3 (5 Supplement:112).
Taekman Jeffrey M, Segall Noa, Hobbs Gene W, and Wright Melanie C. (2008-05-02). “3DiTeams – Healthcare team training in a virtual environment”. American Association of Medical Colleges, Group on Information Resources; Professional Development Conference.